Smart cities are growing in popularity as most of the world, including city planners, have come to accept that the future of their cities will depend on integrating technology into the lives of residents. Hence, in places like Singapore, Dubai, Copenhagen, Amsterdam, etc, smartphones, for instance, have become keys to the city, providing instant information about transit, traffic, health services, safety alerts, and community news into millions of hands.
Achieving a smart city is beyond the installation of digital interfaces and integrating them with advanced mobile technologies, however. It requires huge investments in electricity that would ensure that smart gadgets stay up and running round the clock.
For emerging countries like Nigeria with smart city ambitions, increasing electricity capacity is an uphill task. The Nigeria Smart Cities Initiative, which was launched in 2017, is aimed at encouraging ICT integration in the country’s urban infrastructure. The Smart Africa Blueprint Initiative was unveiled in Rwanda in 2013. Experts say Nigeria’s pursuit of a smart city is putting the cart before the horse as basic infrastructure like electricity has remained elusive despite billions of naira in investment in the sector.
The country currently generates far less than what it requires for about 100 million families and businesses to keep their lives running. At slightly above 5000MW Nigeria generates, a fraction more than the 4,132MW its neighbour Ghana uses to power its 30 million people and far below the over 58,000MW what South Africa generates. Authorities have long identified the distribution of electricity as one of the elephants in the room. An overwhelming majority of consumers pay for services through an estimated billing system which leaves room for extortion, bypassing the charges and generally inefficient in getting electricity to the last mile. A large number of registered electricity consumers don’t have smart metres.
According to experts, addressing this problem would enhance the efficiency of revenue collection by distribution companies (DisCos) and thereby facilitate meeting their obligations to other upstream market participants like the generation companies (GenCos) and the Transmission Company of Nigeria (TCN).
The Nigeria government under the National Mass Metering Program (NMMP) plans to roll out six million meters to all connection points on the grid without meters within 24 months starting from and this is expected to impact 30 million consumers nationwide.
Smart metering will enhance the efficiency of revenue collection of the electricity providers.
The collection efficiency of the DisCos is between 45 percent to 60 percent which is a huge revenue loss. Smart meters with a proper and comprehensive customer enumeration can drive the collection efficiency to above 90 percent, thereby increasing revenue by N30 billion from all DisCos every month. This will greatly boost the economy, as more funds will be available to run the GenCos and maintain the existing DisCos and TCN infrastructure.
CWG has been pushing for the adoption of smart metering in Nigeria. The company, which is a licensed Meter Asset Provider (MAP), has a contract sum of $11.1 million by the Ibadan Electricity Distribution Company (IBEDC) to deploy over 100,000 smart meters in Babaoko, Omu Aran, and Jebba Business Hubs.
Our bet on smart meters for smart cities is our ability to not only provide electricity but also to provide communication systems capable of providing other services like WiFi hotspots. This is a staple for a smart city. While utilities are developing new private networks and advanced technologies to meet the demands of more distributed energy resources, we have positioned ourselves for smart city opportunities.
Many smart city projects in Nigeria are looking to get underway. For instance, the Abia State Government has initiated the Enyimba Economic City project. Enyimba Economic City (EEC) is a 9,464 Hectares, greenfield Free Trade Zone that is planned to connect the 9 states of the South-East and South-South Nigeria, with a captive population of about 60 million, into a global business hub.
The city will leverage on existing/improved and new high-grade Roads, Rail, Airports, Dedicated Inland port connected to Seaport, Active Gas Pipeline Networks, and other world-class Municipal Infrastructure, like 540MW gas-powered station, 309,390m3 Water Works, Communication, and Smart City Technology backbone that will create efficient Administrative Structure for Business and Residency. The project currently has Financial, Advisory, and other support from African Export-Import Bank, African Development Bank (AfDB), and International Finance Corporation.
Also, the Ekiti State government is already sourcing for investment for their smart city project under the name of Ekiti Knowledge City. One of the early-stage investors of that project is the African Development Bank (AfDB) which intends to finance road projects and upgrade the airport in Ekiti State.
All of these projects need to be supported by smart utility infrastructure that promotes operational excellence.
We already own skin in the technology with the Smart Metering which enables consumers to enhance income and sustain growth by overcoming the challenges of inefficient metering, illegal connections and conducting energy use audits with ease. Smart Metering has the potential to enhance accurate metering; theft prevention; regulate power billing systems, measure and manage energy consumptions.